These guidelines are based on the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals”, developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

General guideline

  1. References should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text, NOT in alphabetical order.
  2. Each reference should be cited in the text, tables, or figures in consecutive numerical order by means of Arabic numerals appeared in square brackets.
  3. List up ALL the authors or editors in reference list. If there are more than seven, list the first six, plus et al. Invert all names – authors, editors, translators, compilers – first & middle initials trailing without periods.
  4. The names of journals are set in italics and abbreviated according to the List of NLM Catalog by the National Library of Medicine. If a journal is not indexed for Medline, you should use its full title. It is unacceptable to reduce the name of the article or abbreviate the title of a journal (if it does not have NLM Title Abbreviation or ISO Abbreviation).
  5. References list should be presented in NLM Style.
  6. References to non-Latin sources (Russian, Chinese) should be given in Latin script. If an article has the translated title, you should provide an English translation instead of Latin script transliteration [in square brackets].
  7. If a reference source has the Digital Object Identifier - DOI, it should be provided in the end of the reference. To check if DOI is valid, visit or


  • Zhang M, Holman CD, Price SD. Comorbidity and repeat admission to hospital for adverse drug reactions in older adults: retrospective cohort study. New Engl J Med. 2009;338:a2752. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2752

Format guidelines

The list of references should correspond to the format recommended by the American National organization for information standards (national Information Standards organization – NISO), adopted by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) for databases (Library's MEDLINE/PubMed database) NLM: 

The names of periodicals may be abbreviated. Usually this form of writing is accepted by the publisher; it can be found on the website of the publisher, or in the list of abbreviations Index Medicus.

Mandatory all articles doi specified, all books ISBN. References to dissertations, patents, theses and any collections without output and ISBN are not accepted.

The names of foreign periodicals can be submitted in abbreviated form; they can be found on the publisher's website or in the list of abbreviations Index Medicus.

At the end of the bibliographic description (behind the square bracket), doi articles are placed, if any.

Reference list should include articles published predominantly in the last 10-15 years in peer-reviewed journals, as well as monographs and patents, avoiding citation of abstracts and theses, manuals, articles from the collections of papers, abstracts and conferences, congresses and symposia.

References should be arranged in the same order in which the sources mentioned in the text, not alphabetically.

The journal uses the Vancouver citation format, according to which the source is referred to square brackets; subsequent reference to sources in the bibliography is made in the order in which they were mentioned in the text.

The author is responsible for the accuracy of cited references.


Standard journal article

List the first six authors, followed by et al. If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors, followed by et al.

  • Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
  • Kormeili T, Lowe NJ, Yamauchi PS. Psoriasis: immunopathogenesis and evolving immunomodulators and systemic therapies; U.S. experiences. Br J Dermatol. 2004;151(1):3-15. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2004.06009.x

Books and Other Monographs

List the first six authors, followed by et al. If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors, followed by et al.

  • Ringsven MК, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. Ed. Albany. N.Y.: Delmar Publishers; 1996. P. 234.

Chapter in a book

  • Whiteside TL, Heberman RB. Effectors of immunity and rationale for immunotherapy. In: Kufe DW, Pollock RE, Weichselbaum RR, Bast RC Jr, Gansler TS, Holland JF, Frei E 3rd, editors. Cancer medicine 6. Hamilton (ON): BC Decker Inc; 2003. p. 221-8.
  • Kone BC. Metabolic basis of solute transport. In: Brenner BM, Rector FC, editors. Brenner and Rector’s the kidney. 8th ed. Vol. 1. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; c2008. p. 130-55.


Dataset description article:

  • Kraemer MU, Sinka ME, Duda KA, Mylne A, Shearer FM, Brady OJ, Messina JP, Barker CM, Moore CG, Carvalho RG, Coelho GE, Van Bortel W, Hendrickx G, Schaffner F, Wint GR, Elyazar IR, Teng HJ, Hay SI.  The global compendium of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus occurrence. Sci Data. 2015 Jul 7 [cited 2015 Oct 23];2:150035. Available from: doi: 10.1038/sdata.2015.35 eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26175912; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4493829.


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